This Day in History

June 29


1149      Second Crusade: Syrian army of Nur ad-Din Zangi destroys the Crusader army of Raymond of Poiters in the Battle of Inab   868
1194      Sverre Sigurdsson is crowned King of Norway—reigns for 18 years   823
1444      Albanian forces led by Skanderbeg defeats Ottoman forces under Ali Pasha on the Plain of Torvioll   573
1520      Aztec ruler Moctezuma II is killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, age around 54   497
1534      French explorer Jacques Cartier discovers Prince Edward Island   483
1613      Globe Theatre of William Shakespeare burns to the ground—set fire during Henry VIII only one person slightly injured   404
1776      Francisco Palóu founds Mission San Francisco de Asís   241
1852      American politician Henry Clay dies in Washington D.C., age 75   165
1861      English poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning dies in Florence, Italy, age 55   156
1864      train fails a stop signal and falls through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River—99 deaths is Canada's worst rail accident   153
1868      American astronomer George Ellery Hale born in Chicago   149
1880      France annexes Tahiti   137
1881      in Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam   136
1888      first known recording of classical music, Handel's "Israel in Egypt"—made on a wax cylinder   129
1895      English biologist Thomas Henry Huxley dies in Sussex, age 70   122
1900      Russian clergyman and mathematician Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin dies in Mehonskoe, Russia, age 73   117
1927      Bird of Paradise, Atlantic-Fokker C-2 trimotor plane, lands at Wheeler Field on Oahu—first California to Hawaii flight   90
1927      first test of Wallace Turnbull's controllable pitch propeller   90
1928      Outerbridge Crossing and the Goethals Bridge connecting Staten Island, New York to New Jersey both open   89
1940      Swiss-German artist Paul Klee dies, age 60   77
1941      Polish pianist and composer Ignacy Jan Paderewski dies in New York City, age 80   76
1956      Federal-Aid Highway Act inaugurating the interstate highway system signed into law   61
1974      Isabel Perón is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina   43
1976      Greek mathematician, first winner of the Veblen Prize in Geometry in 1964, Christos Dimitriou Papakyriakopoulos dies on his birthday, age 64   41
1981      Australian artist Russell Drysdale dies in Sydney, age 69   36
1990      American best-selling author and screenwriter Irving Wallace dies in Los Angeles, age 74   27
1995      American actress Lana Turner (born Julia Jean Turner) dies in Los Angeles, age 74   22
1995      Atlantis becomes the first shuttle to dock with Mir—first in-orbit change of shuttle crew   22
2002      Norwegian computer scientist Ole-Johan Dahl dies, age 70   15
2002      American popular music singer and actress Rosemary Clooney dies in Beverly Hills, California, age 74   15
2003      American actress and recipient of a record four acting Academy Awards Katharine Houghton Hepburn dies, age 96   14
2007      Apple iPhone and its operating system iOS goes on sale in U.S.   10
2009      first annual National High School Musical Theater Awards (Jimmy Awards) is held at New York University   8
2013      Italian astrophysicist and popular science writer Margherita Hack dies in Trieste, Italy, age 91   4
2014      Irish novelist, playwright, poet and short story writer Dermot Healy dies, age 66   3

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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