This Day in History

March 22


871      Æthelred of Wessex is defeated by the Vikings in the Battle of Marton   1147
1508      Ferdinand II of Aragon commissions Amerigo Vespucci chief navigator of the Spanish Empire   510
1599      Flemish painter Anthony van Dyck born in Antwerp   419
1621      Plymouth Colony signs a peace treaty with Massasoit of the Wampanoags   397
1622      Jamestown Massacre—Indians attack settlers and kill 347, a fourth of the population   396
1638      Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for religious dissent   380
1713      Fort Neoheroka of the Tuscarora in North Carolina is taken by colonial forces after a three-week seige—950 killed or enslaved   305
1739      Persian Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city   279
1761      French physician Pierre Fauchard, father of modern dentistry, dies in Paris, age about 83   257
1765      British Parliment passes the Stamp Act—a tax directed toward the American colonies   253
1784      the Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current location in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand   234
1806      Lewis and Clark's Corp of Discovery begins the return journey back to the U.S.   212
1832      German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe dies, age 82   186
1868      American physicist and Nobel laureate Robert Andrews Millikan born in Morrison, Illinois   150
1871      William Woods Holden, governor of North Carolina, becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment   147
1894      Stanley Cup first awarded   124
1941      Grand Coulee Dam begins to generate electricity   77
1945      League of Arab States is formed in Cairo with six country members   73
1960      Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes are awarded the first patent for a laser   58
1963      Beatles first album Please Please Me is released in the U.K.   55
1993      Intel ships the first Pentium chips   25
1994      American cartoonist, animator, film producer, and director Walter Benjamin Lantz dies in Burbank, California, age 94   24
1995      Valeri Polyakov returns to earth after a single-mission record of 438 days in space   23
1995      Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova lands after a five-month stay at the Mir with the women's record in space of 178 days   23
1996      American astronaut Shannon Lucid launches to Mir—only woman long-duration crew member of Mir   22
1997      Tara Lipinski, age 14 years and 10 months, becomes the youngest women's World Figure Skating Champion   21
2001      American animator, director, producer, voice actor, and cartoon artist William Denby "Bill" Hanna dies in Los Angeles, age 90   17
2004      Turkish-American astronomer and a director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers Janet Akyüz Mattei dies, age 61   14
   Paxton's birthday 
2010      last communication received from Spirit—sol 2210   8
2010      Scottish physician and pharmacologist and Nobel laureate (Medicine, 1988) James Whyte Black dies in London, age 85   8
2012      American computer scientist David Leigh Waltz dies in Princeton, New Jersey, age 68   6
2014      Dodgers beat Diamondbacks 3-1 in Sydney, Australia—first MLB opening day game in Australia   4
2014      massive mudslide engulfs dozens of homes near Oso, Washington—over 30 perish   4
2014      a boat traveling on Africa's Lake Albert carrying people from the Kyangwali refugee settlement capsizes—251 people die   4
2016      second of the twin pair of comets 252P/LINEAR and P/2016 BA14 in similar orbits makes its closest approach to Earth—2.2 million miles   2
2016      three suicide terrorist bombs in the Brussels' airport and subway kill 35 and injure over 330 others   2
2017      Edicule that by tradition houses Jesus' tomb in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem reopens after a year-long restoration   1
2017      attacker drives a car into pedestrians along the side of Westminster Bridge in London—6 die and 49 others injured   1

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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