This Day in History

June 27


1458      Alfonso V the Magnanimous King of Aragon and King of Naples and Sicily dies in Naples after a reign of 42 years, age around 61   559
1497      Cornish rebels Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn 10 days after defeat at Deptford Bridge   520
1556      Stratford Martyrs—eleven men and two women are burned at the stake for their Protestant beliefs at Stratford-le-Bow near London   461
1637      first English ship arrives at a Chinese port to establish trade in competition to Portuguese   380
1743      Battle of Dettingen—last time an English king, George II, leads troops into battle—allied victory over the French   274
1806      British forces take Buenos Aires during the first British invasion of the Río de la Plata   211
1831      Marie-Sophie Germain, French mathematician and physicist, dies in Paris, age 55   186
1844      Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Later Day Saint movement, is killed in Carthage, Illinois, age 38   173
1846      Congress establishes the Smithsonian Institution   171
1880      Helen Adams Keller born in West Tuscumbia, Alabama   137
1889      Joshua Slocum returns to Newport, Rhode Island—completes first solo circumnavigation of the earth   128
1895      electric locomotive pulls a Royal Blue train through Baltimore's Howard Street Tunnel—first use of electric power on a mainline U.S. railroad   122
1899      13-year-old schoolboy A. E. J. Collins playing for Clarke's House scores 628 not out—highest cricket score ever recorded   118
1905      sailors on the Russian pre-dreadnought battleship Potemkin mutiny and take control of the ship   112
1923      Lowell Smith and John P. Richter perform the first mid-air refueling   94
1944      Vera Menchik, world's first women's chess champion, is killed by a V-1 in London, age 38   73
1952      German American mathematician Max Dehn dies, age 73   65
1954      world's first civil nuclear power station opens—Obninsk near Moscow   63
1967      world's first ATM is installed in London   50
1975      British physicist and mathematician Geoffrey Ingram Taylor dies in Cambridge, England, age 89   42
1977      Republic of Djibouti achieves independence from France   40
1982      launch of Columbia on the final research and development shuttle flight mission   35
1985      Route 66 ceases to be an official highway after 58 years   32
1995      Atlantis launches to Mir (STS-71)—100th manned launch by U.S.   22
2001      American actor John Uhler "Jack" Lemmon III dies in Los Angeles, age 76   16
2003      U.S. National Do Not Call Registry goes into operation   14
2005      American historian and novelist Shelby Dade Foote, Jr. dies in Memphis, Tennessee, age 88   12
2007      23-year-old Barrington Irving lands his single-engine plane in Miami and becomes the youngest person to fly solo around the world   10
2008      Earthrace returns to Sagunto, Spain setting a round-the-world journey record for a power boat of 61 days   9
2012      Australian poet Rosemary de Brissac Dobson dies in Canberra, age 92   5
2013      NASA launches Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) to study sun's atmosphere   4
2015      Gennady Padalka equals the record for total time in space set by Sergei Krikalev in 2005 of 803 days   2
2015      colored corn starch powder used in "festival of colors" at the Formosa Fun Coast explodes—15 killed, 508 others injured   2
2016      American writer and futurist Alvin Toffler dies in Los Angeles, age 87   1
2016      Cubs Kris Bryant hits 3 home runs and 2 doubles against Reds—first player in modern MLB history dating back to 1913   1

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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