This Day in History

April 24


1579BC  Thutmose III ascends the throne of Egypt (with Hapshepsut as co-regent) as the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty   3595
1184BC  traditional date of the Trojan horse—Greeks enter Troy   3200
1656      Danish mathematician and physicist Thomas Fincke dies in Copenhagen, age 95   361
1704      first issue of The Boston News-Letter—first continuously published newspaper in British North America   313
1731      English writer Daniel Defoe dies, age around 71   286
1800      Library of Congress is established   217
1877      Czarist Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire to start the Russo-Turkish War   140
1889      General Electric is incorporated in New York   128
1907      Hersheypark in Hershey, Pennsylvania, opens for use by Hershey employees, later opened to the public   110
1913      Woolworth Building in New York City opens—at 792 ft (241 m) is tallest building in the world until 1930   104
1914      James Franck and Gustav Hertz present their seminal paper to the German Physical Society demonstrating the quantum nature of atoms   103
1915      Ottoman Empire begins a systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians with the arrest of 250 intellectuals and leaders in Istanbul   102
1918      first battle between tank forces at Villers-Bretonneux in France   99
1923      Das Ich und das Es (The Ego and the Id) by Sigmund Freud is published, presenting his theories of the id, ego, and super-ego   94
1926      Reza Shah Pahlavi is crowned Shah of Iran—Pahlai Dynasty lasts until 1979   91
1933      Hungarian-born paleontologist Franz Nopcsa dies, age 55   84
1942      Prince Edward Island author Lucy Maud Montgomery dies in Toronto, age 67   75
1947      American author Willa Siebert Cather dies in New York City, age 73   70
1957      The Sky at Night debuts with Patrick Moore on BBC television   60
1960      German physicist and Nobel laureate Max Theodor Felix von Laue dies in West Berlin, age 80   57
1961      Swedish warship Vasa breaks the surface of the water 333 years after she sank a few minutes into her maiden voyage   56
1962      first television signal relayed by a satellite—California to Massachusetts passively reflected off Echo 1   55
1964      German pathologist and bacteriologist and Nobel laureate Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk dies, age 68   53
1967      cosmonaut Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov, Soyuz 1, is first human confirmed to die during a space mission, age 40   50
1970      China launches its first satellite, Dong Fang Hong I—uses Long March 1 launch vehicle   47
1990      Soyuz 10 is first spacecraft to attempt a docking with Salyut 1—returns safely to Earth   27
1990      Hubble Space Telescope launched aboard Discovery, first NASA Great Observatories   27
1996      Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) founded   21
2004      American businesswoman Estée Lauder dies in New York City, age 95   13
2005      pioneering Chinese researcher and professor of sociology and anthropology Fei Xiaotong dies in Beijing, age 94   12
2005      Snuppy, the world's first cloned dog is born in South Korea   12
2012      Estonian mycologist Erast Parmasto dies, age 83   5
2013      eight-story factory building near Dhaka collapses—1130 die in Bangladesh's worst industrial disaster   4
2014      Austrian architect and designer and key figure of postmodern architecture Hans Hollein dies in Vienna, age 80   3
2017      Peggy Whitson surpasses the U.S. record of 534 days in space set by Jeff Williams   0

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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