This Day in History

September 24


622      prophet Muhammad completes his hijra from Mecca to Medina   1396
768      Pepin the Short, first Carolingian king of the Franks, dies, age 54   1250
1180      Manuel I Komnenos, emperor of the Byzantine Empire dies, age 61, after a reign of 37 years—Byzantine power declines catastrophically   838
1228      Stefan the First-Crowned, King of Serbia, dies after a reign 32 years, age around 53   790
1541      Swiss physician and botanist Paracelsus dies in Salzburg, Austra, age 47   477
1542      death of English poet Thomas Wyatt, age approximately 39   476
1645      Parliamentarian forces defeat a royalist force led by Charles I in the Battle of Rowton Heath   373
1742      German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer Johann Matthias Hase dies, age 58   276
1780      Benedict Arnold escapes to the British   238
1789      Judiciary Act of 1789 establishes U.S. federal judiciary   229
1846      Battle of Monterrey ends with the city and the Mexican forces surrendering to the U.S. army led by Zachary Taylor   172
1848      English painter, writer, and brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne, Patrick Branwell Brontë dies, age 31   170
1852      Baptiste Henri Jacques Giffard makes the first powered flight in a steam powered dirigible—27 km, Paris to Trappes   166
1890      1890 Manifesto issued by the Morman church president Wilford Woodruff officially disavows the continuing practice of polygamy   128
1903      Faroese physician, scientist of Icelandic and Danish descent, and Nobel laureate (1903) Niels Ryberg Finsen dies, age 43   115
1906      Theodore Roosevelt establishes Devils Tower as nation's first national monument   112
1929      first all-instrument flight—Jimmy Doolittle   89
1938      Soviet mathematician Lev Genrikhovich Schnirelmann dies in Moscow, age 30   80
1945      German physicist Johannes (Hans) Wilhelm Geiger dies in Potsdam, age 62   73
1946      Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong by Australian Sydney H. de Kantzow and American Roy C. Farrell   72
1948      Honda Motor Company founded   70
1950      smoky fires in Alberta, Canada, blacks out the sun in eastern Canada and New England and produces a visibly bluish moon in Europe   68
1952      first Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) franchise in Salt Lake City, Utah   66
1960      USS Enterprise, first nuclear powered aircraft carrier, launched   58
1968      news program 60 Minutes debuts on CBS   50
1970      Luna 16 returns to Earth with a lunar sample—first robotic mission to return material from the moon   48
1978      German chemist and physicist, and the first to suggest the idea of nuclear fission in 1934, Ida Noddack dies, age 82   40
1979      CompuServe Information Service offers the first consumer internet service   39
1991      Doctor Seuss (Theodore Geisel), author, dies age 67   27
1993      Italian-Soviet nuclear physicist Bruno Pontecorvo dies in Dubna, Russia, age 80   25
1998      American composer, lyricist, playwright, and television writer Jeffrey Arnold "Jeff" Moss dies in New York City, age 56   20
1999      launch of IKONOS the first commercial earth observation satellite to collect publicly available high-resolution imagery   19
2011      defunct 6.5-ton Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) launched in 1991 re-enters the atmosphere—debris safely over Pacific Ocean   7
2011      Major League Baseball plays its official 200,000th game—Rockies at Astros   7
2013      7.7 earthquake in southwestern Pakistan kills over 825 and destroys 21,000 homes   5
2014      English conductor, harpsichordist, writer, and musicologist Christopher Jarvis Haley Hogwood dies in Cambridge, age 73   4
2014      Estonian writer, philosopher and physicist Madis Koiv dies in Tallin, age 84   4
2014      India's Mars Orbital Mission (MOM), Mangalyaan, is inserted into orbit around Mars   4
2015      stampede during the Hajj in Mecca ends with over 1100 pilgrims killed and 900 others injured   3
2015      Australian war artist during World War II Alan Moore dies in Ballarat, Australia, age 101   3
2015      Pope Francis addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress—first time a pope has addressed Congress   3

Dates are always somewhat ambiguous, the exact date depends on whether local time is used (and local time where) or Universal Time—for events on the surface of the Earth, local time is probably best but for an event that spans across the planet, it is not clear which local time to use!. For events in space it is more ambiguous. Further for dates after the original adoption of the Gregorian calendar but before it became accepted in different countries, the date given may be a Julian date or a Gregorian date depending upon where the event occurred. And, even the year may be different since the first of the year has not always been January 1 in all countries! The attempt is to use a date that is the one that is typically given.

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